Chile Papers Update

Chile

 

CIA, Memorandum of Conversation of Meeting with Henry Kissinger, Thomas Karamessines, and Alexander Haig, October 15, 1970: This memcon records a discussion of promoting a coup in Chile, known as “Track II” of covert operations to block Allende. The three officials discuss the possibility that the plot of one Chilean military official, Roberto Viaux, might fail with “unfortunate repercussions” for U.S. objectives. Kissinger orders the CIA to “continue keeping the pressure on every Allende weak spot in sight.”
CIA, Report of CIA Chilean Task Force Activities, 15 September to 3 November 1970, November 18, 1970: The CIA prepared a summary of its efforts to prevent Allende’s ratification as president and to foment a coup in Chile— track I and track II covert operations. The summary details the composition of the Task Force, headed by David Atlee Phillips, the team of covert operatives “inserted individually into Chile,” and their contacts with Col. Paul Winert, the U.S. Army Attache detailed to the CIA for this operation. It reviews the propaganda operations designed to push Chilean president Eduardo Frei to support “a military coup which would prevent Allende from taking office on 3 November.”

“CIA, Operating Guidance Cable on Coup Plotting, October 16, 1970: In a secret cable, CIA deputy director of plans, Thomas Karamessines, conveys Kissinger’s orders to CIA station chief in Santiago, Henry Hecksher: “It is firm and continuing policy that Allende be overthrown by a coup.” The “operating guidance” makes it clear that these operations are to be conducted so as to hide the “American hand,” and that the CIA is to ignore any orders to the contrary from Ambassador Korry who has not been informed of Track II operations. ”

Defense Intelligence Agency, Biographic Data on General Augusto Pinochet, August/September 1973: This DIA biographic summary covers the military career of the leader of Chile’s military coup,General Augusto Pinochet. The DIA, an intelligence branch of the U.S. Armed Forces, routinely collects “Biographic Data” on all high military officials around the world. The heavy deletions are likely to conceal Chilean sources providing information on Pinochet, his own contacts with U.S. officials, and commentary on his character, reputation, political orientation and actions during his career.
http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB8/nsaebb8.htm
Department of Defense, U.S. Milgroup, Situation Report #2, October 1, 1973: In a situation report, U.S. Naval attache Patrick Ryan, reports positively on events in Chile during the coup. He characterizes September 11 as “our D-Day,” and states that “Chile’s coup de etat [sic] was close to perfect.” His report provides details on Chilean military operations during and after the coup, as well as glowing commentary on the character of the new regime.

“CIA, Operating Guidance Cable on Coup Plotting, October 16, 1970: In a secret cable, CIA deputy director of plans, Thomas Karamessines, conveys Kissinger’s orders to CIA station chief in Santiago, Henry Hecksher: “It is firm and continuing policy that Allende be overthrown by a coup.” The “operating guidance” makes it clear that these operations are to be conducted so as to hide the “American hand,” and that the CIA is to ignore any orders to the contrary from Ambassador Korry who has not been informed of Track II operations. ”

Defense Intelligence Agency, Biographic Data on General Augusto Pinochet, August/September 1973: This DIA biographic summary covers the military career of the leader of Chile’s military coup,General Augusto Pinochet. The DIA, an intelligence branch of the U.S. Armed Forces, routinely collects “Biographic Data” on all high military officials around the world. The heavy deletions are likely to conceal Chilean sources providing information on Pinochet, his own contacts with U.S. officials, and commentary on his character, reputation, political orientation and actions during his career.
http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB8/nsaebb8.htm
Department of Defense, U.S. Milgroup, Situation Report #2, October 1, 1973: In a situation report, U.S. Naval attache Patrick Ryan, reports positively on events in Chile during the coup. He characterizes September 11 as “our D-Day,” and states that “Chile’s coup de etat [sic] was close to perfect.” His report provides details on Chilean military operations during and after the coup, as well as glowing commentary on the character of the new regime.

 

Hinchey Report

SUBJECT:  CIA Activities in Chile
September 18, 2000

CIA’s response to the Hinchey amendment should be viewed as a good-faith effort to respond in an unclassified format to the three questions, not as a definitive history of US activities in Chile over the past 30 years.

Summary of Response to Questions

  1. Q. All activities of officers, covert agents, and employees of all elements of the Intelligence Community   with respect to the assassination of President Salvador Allende in September 1973.
    A. We find no information-nor did the Church Committee-that CIA or the Intelligence Community was involved in the death of Chilean President Salvador Allende.  He is believed to have committed suicide as the coup leaders closed in on him.  The major CIA effort against Allende came earlier in 1970 in the failed attempt to block his election and accession to the Presidency.  Nonetheless, the US Administration’s long-standing hostility to Allende and its past encouragement of a military coup against him were well known among Chilean coup plotters who eventually took action on their own to oust him.
  2. Q. All activities of officers, covert agents, and employees of all elements of the Intelligence Community with respect to the accession of General Augusto Pinochet to the Presidency of the Republic of Chile.
    A. CIA actively supported the military Junta after the overthrow of Allende but did not assist Pinochet to assume the Presidency.  In fact, many CIA officers shared broader US reservations about Pinochet’s single-minded pursuit of power.
  3. Q. All activities of officers, covert agents, and employees of all elements of the Intelligence Community with respect to violations of human rights committed by officers or agents of former President Pinochet.
    A. Many of Pinochet’s officers were involved in systematic and widespread human rights abuses following Allende’s ouster.  Some of these were contacts or agents of the CIA or US military.  The IC followed then-current guidance for reporting such abuses and admonished its Chilean agents against such behavior.  Today’s much stricter reporting standards were not in force and, if they were, we suspect many agents would have been dropped.
    ______________________________________
     
    Are we to blindly suppose that the CIA and Nixon/Kissinger had no plans except to destroy the Chilean democracy?
    Are we to believe that General Pinochet just popped out of the woodwork and was expected to ‘protect US Interests’ in Chile?
    I do not think so.
     
    ____

    “Support for Coup in 1970.  Under “Track II” of the strategy, CIA sought to instigate a coup to prevent Allende from taking office after he won a plurality in the 4 September election and before, as Constitutionally required because he did not win an absolute majority, the Chilean Congress reaffirmed his victory.  CIA was working with three different groups of plotters.  All three groups made it clear that any coup would require the kidnapping of Army Commander Rene Schneider, who felt deeply that the Constitution required that the Army allow Allende to assume power.  CIA agreed with that assessment.  Although CIA provided weapons to one of the groups, we have found no information that the plotters’ or CIA’s intention was for the general to be killed.  Contact with one group of plotters was dropped early on because of its extremist tendencies.  CIA provided tear gas, submachine-guns and ammunition to the second group.  The third group attempted to kidnap Schneider, mortally wounding him in the attack.  CIA had previously encouraged this group to launch a coup but withdrew support four days before the attack because, in CIA’s assessment, the group could not carry it out successfully.”

So, the CIA decided to back the Constitution of Chile!  I’m sorry but the CIA is an illegal entity in all the countries it exists except the USA.  However, the CIA is not allowed, by law, to be active in the USA, either.

This means that everything the CIA does in a covert action is ultimately illegal everywhere it operates.

To suggest that the CIA gave weapons but did not intend to kill is absurd.

What we’re seeing here is admission to the actions of the CIA (however much the deeper truths may be limited) to act as if at war in other countries for the benefit of the USA!

Benefits:

1. Strategic – by highly limited.
2. to USA corporations.  This has been of the essence of the American obsession in Latin America for a very long, long time.

There are certain aspects that the USA does not want in a foreign government in these so-called Banana Republics.

1. It does not want any government to impose labour laws in these countries as these may impinge upon the profits of these companies.
2. It does not want minimum wage laws to improve peoples’ lives as it may impinge upon the profits of these countries.
3. It does not wand land reform because it may take land away from these companies.

ie:  United Fruits/United Foods in Guatemala owned about 70% of the aerable land.  It did not allow anyone to use these lands for any type of harvesting or farming.

Even with the Freedom of Information Act in the USA the lies persist.

The truth still is a tree baren of fruit.
The plight of a democratic Chile still has little honesty as we do expect from the Freedom of Information.
Still we’re hearing lies about the cruel actions of the USA.
The people stood up and voted for reform…They’d won!
But only until the USA – Nixon/Kissinger/CIA determined to crush Chile
To crush the ordinary people of Chile that believed – falsely –
That they were a Sovereign Nation able to determine its own way.
How horribly naive with the vicious USA bent upon burning them out.
On Sept, 11   —- 1973 … freedom was taken away from Chileans.
War erupted by design by the USA…People died  and   died.

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