After the UN Partition plan was announced in November 1947 violence escalated and the Zionist battle to colonize Palestine with the establishment of ‘facts on the ground’ began in earnest. Even though in February 1947 the British had announced their intention to leave Palestine the following Spring, attacks on British service personnel intensified even though nothing could be gained. See also Washington Report for an article about the violence of 1947.
Lt Anthony Elliott (21) from London, 2/East Surrey Regiment killed by vehicle mine when travelling in Bren gun carrier, Kiryat Motzkin, Haifa.
Irgun attack military car park in Tiberias with flame-throwers.
Operation ‘Mackerel’: cordon and search of Yemenite quarter, Rehovoth by 3 Para; 9 Jews detained, 3 had whips.
(“The Irgun was a Jewish underground organization, founded in 1931 by a group of Haganah commanders, who left the Haganah in protest against its defense charter.)
Jan 3 Montefiore and Hatikva quarters of Tel Aviv searched; 64 Jews detained.
Jan 5 Arms câche found in Petah Tiqva; area screened and 20 Jews detained.
Jan 8-17 Operation ‘Octopus’: across Palestinian Jewish areas; 109 Jews detained.
Jan 8 Twelve members of terrorist gang, Irgun, arrested in Rishon le Zion by military and police.
Feb 19 Irgun terrorists mortar Ein Shemer airfield.
Mar 12 Pte Harold E France (Pay Corps) killed in terrorist attack on Schneller Barracks (Syrian Orphanage), Harry Devey’s account; 9 soldiers badly injured. Eyewitness account by Edward Worley
Apr 25 BCs Stan Barnes (18), Alan Casey (19), Ronald Davies (19) and BI Allen Trutwein (31);
“Killed when, at 11:15 hours, on 25 April, the Police Orderly Room and Telephone Exchange at Sarona Camp were severely damaged by two bombs. A grey Morris van, previously stolen from the Palestine Post and Telegraphs, Tel Aviv, was driven into the compound by a Jew dressed in uniform. As a result of the attack, one British Inspector and three British Constables lost their lives, and five British Constables, one British Soldier and a TAC were injured. The condition of one of the Constables is was serious. The Jewish criminals are believed to have escaped from the area in the guise of postal workers carrying a ladder.”
Apr 26 ASP (Assistant Superintendent of Police) Albert Conquest, BEM, KPM, CPM, was murdered in Haifa. “Two Jews opened fire from a passing taxi at his car which was then stationary, and mortally wounded him. Fire was returned from another passing vehicle, and the taxi crashed but the two Jews escaped.”
Jun 29 Capt Matthew Kissane from Paddington; Royal Irish Fusiliers: killed when “A number of officers of the 6th Airborne Division were dining in the Astoria restaurant when it was attacked by two Jewish terrorists who drew up in a taxi opposite the restaurant and fired Thompson sub machine guns through the windows at the Officers inside.” MOD. Two other officers were wounded.
Sgt Alfredo Coia (20) of Glasgow, RASC; Pte EA Pierre (28) of Mauritius, Pioneer Corps; and Sapper E C W Summers (19) of Southchurch, REs; killed by terrorist sniper, Tel Aviv.
Driver Henning Andersen (28) from Aarhus, Denmark; RASC; “Shot at close range while walking in one of the main streets of Tel Aviv.”
Sep 3 Letter bomb attributed to Jewish terrorists exploded in PO sorting office, London, injuring two workers.
29 BCs Reg Bonfield (21), Anton Bowen (19), Fred Newton (21), William Nunn (19); killed in terrorist attack on Police HQ, Haifa. One person had a lucky escape:
“His bedroom overlooked Kingsway through a very large window. CD, lying naked, covered only by a sheet, was almost directly above the bomb; he took most of the glass in his body. When the rescue party reached him, his internal organs were hanging out as a result of one huge sliver of glass. No one gave him any chance of survival, but two days later I was talking to him in hospital. He had somewhere in the region of 130 stitches in his body and resembled the Chinese torture of a thousand cuts. Some of the injuries measuring three to four inches were held only by one, possibly two stitches. He looked amazingly well considering, and six weeks after was convalescing with King Abdullah of Transjordan, owing to his father’s influence as an executive of the Iranian Petroleum Company.” My Trinity, Eric Howard
Dec 11 Cpl Stuart Mayland (20) from Kings Lynn; REs; killed in terrorist attack, Herzl Str, Haifa.
Six Arabs killed, 30 wounded when bombs thrown from trucks at Arab buses in Haifa.
18 Arab prisoners escape from Acre Gaol; 2/Bttn Middlesex Reg prevent mass escape.
Dec 13 Gunner Gerald A Taylor (19) from New Maldon, 1st RHA; killed by sniper (3 colleagues wounded), Herzl Str, Haifa.
6 killed, 25 wounded by bombs outside Alhambra Cinema.
5 killed, 47 wounded by two bombs at Damascus Gate.
Al-Abbasiyya (al-Yahudiya): attacked by terrorists dressed as British troops; many villagers killed or injured. British troops arrive and prevent further murder but villagers soon flee. Zionists troops occupied it on 4th May 1948 and it was later fully destroyed.
Dec 18 Al-Khisas: 12 villagers killed by Zionist troops driving through and firing machine guns and lobbing grenades. Some villagers fled and the remainder were forcibly evicted in June 1949.
Dec 29 Pte Richard F Patterson (21), 2/Royal Lincolns; shot dead in his bed during terrorist attack on Tel Litwinsky camp. Others also shot in bed.
BCs Jack Foster (20) and Stephen Hirst (21); “Killed around 12:30 hours when a taxi containing members of the Irgun Z’vai Leumi fired several shots from Stens near the Damascus Gate, Jerusalem, and then threw a large bomb; 11 Arabs killed and 27 injured
Dec 31 BC CD Dore (25) killed on duty.
Balad al Sheikh and Hawassa attacked by Haganah. An estimated 60 villagers killed.
Haganah was a Jewish paramilitary organization in the British Mandate of Palestine, which became the core of the Israel Defense Forces.More at Wikipedia